FOOD ON CANVAS
TEA DRINKING – THE RUSSIAN TRADITION
- Project idea: Research of the Russian tradition of “tea-drinking” and pictures, in which is the drinking of the tea as a ritual presented.
- Targets: Knowledge acquiring of the tea-drinking arising in Russia, its meaning for the Russian people, the cup for the preparing of the tea, presentation skills for the tea information, skills for the tea preparing, culinary skills of preparing of pretzels and cookies.
|21 century skills
|Technology and learning skills
|Teaching methods /Sgtrategy/
|Information and communication
– Russian tradition ” tea-drinking ”
– way of preparing of the tea in the urn:
– pretzels and cookies recipes:
-workmanship of the Russian painters, presenting the tea-drinking as an art;
– serving and tea drinking.
– teamwork skills;
– responsibility sense of the placed tasks;
– precision organisation skills of his work;
Research-using of the internet sites for necessary information.
Researching and presenting skills of the correct information.
Skills of giving presentations.
Skills of the dishes and drinking components correct mixing
|Dissert skills||– Aesthetic taste.
– Correct selection of the necessary information:.
– Satisfaction of the done work.
|Lessons developing||Classmates evaluation.|
|Personal and work place skills||– to distribute the tasks.
-to keep labor and technology discipline.
– to prepare dishes from the recipe. .
– to mix the components of dishes.
Appearance and attract attention skills.
Targets of performance:
- The history of the tea appearance in Russia and the ” tea-drinking ” on its self.
- In which urn is the tea prepared and from where everything starts.
- zels and cookies.
- ” tea-drinking ” presentation and its appearance in the paintings.
- To prepare tea, pretzels and cookies by the preliminary recipe:.
Evaluation: by ovations and applauses
Main group products: Tea, cookies and pretzels.
Main individual products: honey, jam.
Evaluation and demonstrating of the results:
Team work, individual participation, interesting, attractive presentation of different information, verbally communication, performance skills.
Other methods of evaluation: Observations, self-assessment, searching, discussion.
Managing of the education process:
- Main part.
- Conclusive part.
Stepwise projekt description – base lesson:
The teacher has separated the students preliminary in 4 groups. Each of the groups has a special task:
1 group: The “Tea-drinking” history in Russia.
2 group: The urn – symbol of Russia.
3 group: The “Tea-drinking” in the paintings of the Russian painters – presentation.
4 group: Cookies and pretzels recipe. Preparing and serving the tea by Russian tradition.
The teacher gives some guidelines for the lesson and begins with some guiding questions:
Do you know that the russians believe, they are the supreme tea lovers in the world ?!
And do you know when did it happen? When did the tea drinking start in Russia?
The students from the first group present the history of the “Teadrink”:
The tea drink tradition dates in Russia from the 17 century /1638? The legend: Russian tsar Michail Fiodorovich gives as a present 100 sables to the Mongolian khan. In the sign of gratitude, Mongolian khan sends him 4 puds tea- 1 pud = 16.5 kg. The Russian tzar feels him insulted, because of the receiving of sacks with dry leaves- the sable is very valuable animal and it costs like gold. Also the sable is a very clever beast and its hunting is very difficult in the taiga. The khan understands the tsar`s perplexity and sends him a tea master to prepare him the drink from the dry leaves. Everybody in the palace like the refreshing drink and from that day on they start to drink tea.
The diplomats from the east countries carried frequently tea in Moscow. And in 1679 was made a contract with China for its delivery to Russia.
The tea was very long the drink of the privilege classes, because of its price. In the reach properties the housekeeper kept the tea as her eye apple and kept it not in the closet, but in her bedroom in special boxes called- caskets. That ages, the “ Tea-drinking ” was placed as one of symbols for wealthy and successful life.
The tea came into the Russian beaten and became a National drink right in the beginning of the 18 century.
The “ Tea-drinking ” not even slakes the thirst, but it was a manner of the social life. On a “ Tea-drinking ” were decided family cases, were concluded trade contracts and marriage unions, in the palace were decided important historical events for the people.
Over 3 centuries in Russia any comradely meeting, not even family gala passes without a tea. Usually it is made from the host and is served from the welcoming housewife to the guests together with tasty pretzels, fresh baked cookies, jam and honey.
After the presentation of history from the “ Tea-drinking” is over, the teacher asks following questions:
“Does anybody knowwhat a tea urn is? For what does it serve? Have you ever seen this devise?
The students from the second group acquaint the audience with the urn as a symbol of Russia, centre and spirit of the tea drinking, in the way of showing photos and pictures from different urns.
The word “urn” on its self means a dish for water boiling over. The urn is created and cultivated with only one purpose- water boiling over for making tea. It is always in the middle of the table during the tea drinking.
The dishes for making tea had been produced in different towns of Russia, but for “urn capital” by law is called the town of Tula, where the masterpieces of the Russian decoratively craft art were made. Together with the beauty and other urn dignities was appreciated also its “”musicality”. Before boiling this simple device started singing and its song gave to the table special comfort and privacy..
About 1778 the producing of the famous Tula`s urns started in the town of Tula, which is placed nearby Moscow- the tea trading centre in 17-19 century. Not far away from that town there are lodes of iron ore- that`s why exactly in Tula started at full speed the producing of this amazing construction. In the beginning the urn was made from copper, which was thought as the most qualitative. Of course the reach people ordered the device to be made from silver, or even gold. The green copper, as the silver was cold, was also used for making this house device. Later it was made already from a cheaper metal.
Because many small and big factories started with the urn producing, to recognize the producer, a special stamp or a company mark started to be placed on the cover. Later they were completed with pictures of medals, taken from different exhibitions, dedicated to the tea urn handiwork.
There were 28 urn factories in the middle of the 19 century in Tula, which produced 120 thousands of urns. They were decorated with very interesting ornaments- flowers or tales motives. The legs were in the shape of bird or animal paw. Till nowadays there is a saying- “You never go with an own urn to Tula”. In 19 century appeared different kinds of urns- traveler`s, tractate`s and family`s, Exactly than the nickel- plated urns appeared- they were special proud of their owners.
The traders in tsar`s Russia could drink tea hours long from huge 10- liter`s urns and discuss deals, financial questions, sign contracts. In the glorious Guest yard- the old trader`s palaces in the centre of Moscow- the urns never got cold.
Tea is prepared in urns made from different materials- cast iron, copper, porcelain, gold, silver.
On the urns we can see labels: “Tea starts to boil- don`t go away”, “Drink tea and forget the grief”.
150 different models of urns can be count only in Tula, where till nowadays the best urns are made. The most wanted and met urns are pear`s and egg`s made models. In their manifacture and decoration are connected the best masters, famous sculptors and painters. The most spread models have capacity from 3 to 8 liters water
The biggest urn is kept until now in Ermitage- it`s made from cast iron.
The history of this device, which is already 265 years in the life of many people, can`t be out of print with some words. So to so, not only in Russia, but in many countries in the world people can delight that wonder invention. It makes glad not only your eyes, but wars your body and sole.
The teacher: And now they will present you the Russian painters, which represent the “Teadrink” in their pictures and specially Boris Kustodiev. He gave special attention to this Russian tradition in his art.
The students from the third group present the “TEADRINKING” in the pictures, together with presentation running.
The own character and charm of the Russian tea drink has a national meaning, it doesn`t have strict rules. It is important the atmosphere and the mood, if you want to have a pleasant time and to socialize in a friendly company.
A special proud of the hospitable housewife is the set for tea, which she takes out from the buffet for very stately cases. She decorates the holiday table and serves the tea drink.
Probably the most important thing in Russian drinking is the missing of a strict ritual. It is not connected with any part of the day, like Englishmen, or certain order of actions like in China. The Russians very often meet on “a cup of tea” by two or big friendly crowd relatives, friends or good fellows, to have a rest, relax, or free socialize, life talks.
It is represented on the paintings of many talented painters. Better known from them are:
- Morozov A.I. “Tea-drinking”
- Perov Vassilii G. ” Tea-drinking nearby Moscow”, 1862.
- Rjabushkin A.I. ” Tea-drinking “.
- Konstantin Makovskii “Alekseich”, 1881
- KOnstantin Korovin “At the tea table”, 1888
- Vassilii Baksheev “Life prose”, 1892-1893
- Konstantin Makovskii “Tea”, 1914
- Bogdanov Belskii, N.P. ” Tea-drinking “,
- Denis Saragin, ” Tea-drinking “,
- Boris Kustodiev, “Innkeeper”,
- Boris Kustodiev , “On the terrace”, 1906
- Boris Kustodiev , “Moscow khan”, 1916
- Boris Kustodiev , “The of the tea dealer’s wife”, 1918
- Boris Kustodiev , “The tea transporter”, 1920
- Boris Kustodiev “Dealer” 1923
- Boris Kustodiev “The woman drinking tea”, 1923
- Boris Kustodiev “Autumn in the province”, 1926
- Kuzma Petrov Vodkin, “By the urn”, 1926
The teacher: Did you notice that on the some of the painters, the tea is drunk not from the cups, but from the plates, which are hold with three fingers. The Russians like to drink their tea like this. This is not a bad education, but specific tradition and a sign of refine taste.
The cups and the dishes are made of a high quality porcelain. Every family is proud of their tea set, which is given from generation to generation. The tea spoons are inlaid with silver.
Every Russian region has its own technology of producing porcelain. The most interesting forms have the cups, plates and spoons, which are well known like “gzelj”. They carry the name of the village, where for the first time they are produced and distribution. Blue color and color ornaments are specific for them.
The teacher: Russians show their hospitality as they serve together with the drink also typical Russian`s specialties. Do you know what are they?- pretzels, cookies, honey and jam.
The students from the fourth group present recipes:
The aroma of the new backed homemade cookies is the one which brings back every one of us in the childhood. Together with the sweet memories the ordinary cookies have some other advantages: they hold long time, we can eat them good in the morning for breakfast, also in a fine company for afternoon coffee and especially during the ” Tea-drinking “.
Necessary products for ordinary homemade cookies:
- 1tea cup yoghurt
- 1 tea cup of sugar
- ¾ tea cup cooking oil
- 1tea spoon baking soda
- 2 vanillas
- flour enough for the soft dough (about ½ kg, or a little more)
Necessary time: About a hour.
Recipe for ordinary homemade cookies in three steps:
- The first step of the recipe is the making of the dough. We sift the flour. You mix the other products, also add little by little from the flour and mix with the mixer or fork. After the mixture is enough hard and the mixing with mixer or fork is not possible you have to start to knead the dough by hands. You keep adding flour until you become a soft dough, from which you can form balls.
- From the dough you can form balls in the size of walnut and you can place them on the baking paper in the pan. Keep in mind, that`s during the baking the ordinary cookies are going bigger, that`s why you must not forget to leave enough place between them. Smear the cookies with broken yolk and strew with sugar. You can strew them with crushed walnuts or may be with sliced on the small pieces orange peels.
You must bake the ordinary cookies in preheated on 180 degrees oven . The cookies are ready when they become a lightly gold color.
Necessary products for sesame pretzels:
- 20 g fresh yeast
- 100 ml cool water
- 220 ml fresh milk
- 2 soap spoon sugar
- 1 tea spoon salt
- 2 tea spoon oil
- 1 big egg
- 700 g flour
- 2 soap spoon sugar syrup – sugar
- 100 ml sugar syrup – water
- 50 g sesame
The yeast is mixed together with the sugar in the cool water and is leaving. The soft dough is kneaded from the rest products and leaved on the warm place to stay for about 40 minutes. It is separated to 10 – 12 balls. Each of them is formed like a wick with a lenght of 65-70 cm. It is bend in the middle and twist. The both ends are getting together and make a circle. The sugar syrup is boiling until the sugar is melt and is cooling. Every pretzel is dunk in the syrup and dust with sesame. The sesame pretzels are arranged in the buttered tray in a distance between them and are baked in preheated on 180 degrees oven 20-25 minutes.
And here the students demonstrate the making of the tea in the urn and serve it with already baked cookies and pretzels.
At the end ot the lesson the whole class evaluate the presentation from each group with applauses. The group with the most applauses is qualified on the first place.